Babesia duncani/microti is a protozoal parasitic infection or a “piroplasm”, not a bacteria like the other co-infections. The babesia piroplasm is carried by ticks and transmitted to humans via tick bite. As many as 66% of those who are Lyme positive also have evidence of Babesia infection.
Because Babesia is NOT a bacteria, it does not respond to the same antibiotic treatment that is used to treat Lyme disease, Streptococcal infection or Mycoplasma pneumoniae. If a patient has been extensively treated with antibiotic therapy and symptoms still persist, specific treatment for piroplasms may be required.
There are unique anti-protozoal and anti-parasitic medications and herbals that are used for Babesiosis.
High fever, chills, and swollen lymph nodes at onset
Frontal headache/persistent migraine
Chest tightness/chest pain
Shortness of breath/ “air hunger”
Petechial rash – tiny red spots (See picture)
Babesia duncani/microti IgM and IgG
Babesia FISH (Fluorescent in situ hybridization)